D. Think of your own sentences using the words and word combinations from Task C. Read your sentences to your group-mates. Переход на главную страницу

D. Think of your own sentences using the words and word combinations from Task C. Read your sentences to your group-mates.

Task 4. In the table match the synonyms (the words with similar meaning). Consult the dictionary if necessary:

1. large a. smart, intelligent
2. physician b. freshman
3. communicative c. big
4. clever d. sophomore
5. to love e. to like
6. first-year-student f. junior
7. second-year-student g. doctor
8. third-year-student h. graduate student
9. fourth-year-student i. easy-going, sociable, good-mixer
10. fifth-year-student j. senior

Task 5. Find antonyms to the following words in the text. Antonyms are the words with the opposite meaning:

1) to start; 2) easy; 3) small; 4) nervous, naughty; 5) lazy; 6) younger; 7) weak.

Task 6. A. Read the definitions and guess the words:

1) A person who understands people’s characters.

2) My mother’s son to me.

3) A person who treats diseases with medicines.

4) My sister’s daughter to me.

5) My mother’s mother.

6) My father’s sister.

7) A person who trains pupils at school.

8) The science of numbers, including Algebra, Geometry and Arithmetic.

9) My sister’s husband.

10) The study of events in the past.

B. Define the following words in English:

1) my sister; 2) hard-working; 3) lawyer; 4) nephew; 5) grandfather; 6) uncle; 7) mother-in-law; 8) psychology; 9) Economy.

Grammar

Task 7. A. Find the sentences with numerals (числительные) in the text. Translate them into Russian. Explain English rules of numerals formation. Look through the table and check yourself:

1 – one 11 – eleven 10 – ten 21 – twenty-one
2 – two 12 – twelve 20 – twenty 22 – twenty-two
3 – three 13 – thirteen 30 – thirty 23 – twenty-three
4 – four 14 – fourteen 40 – forty 24 – twenty-four
5 – five 15 – fifteen 50 – fifty 25 – twenty-five
6 – six 16 – sixteen 60 – sixty 26 – twenty-six
7 – seven 17 – seventeen 70 – seventy 27 – twenty-seven
8 – eight 18 – eighteen 80 – eighty 28 – twenty-eight
9 – nine 19 – nineteen 90 – ninety 29 – twenty-nine
10 – ten 20 – twenty 100 – one hundred

See also Lesson 13.

B. Do you remember that numerals can be cardinal (количественные) and ordinal (порядковые)?

Continue: one – the first, two – the second, three -…, four - …, five - …, six - …, seven -…, eight - …, nine - …, ten -…, …

Task 8. Read the sentences:

a) 1. Ten plus eleven equals twenty-one. 2. Thirty-four plus sixty-two equals ninety-six. 3. Eighty-three minus sixteen equals sixty-seven. 4. Forty-one minus five is thirty six.

b) 1) 12+20=32; 2) 14+35=49; 3) 25+64=…? 4) 68+31=…? 5) 100-31=69; 6) 98-13=85; 7) 74-63=…? 8) 57-12=…?

c) 1) Ann is 21. 2) My elder brother is 29. 3) Jack Smith is 18 years old. 4) At the age of 17 he entered University. 5) When he was 9 he went to Spain. 6) I will graduate from the University at 21. 7) He wrote his most famous novel when he was 68. 8) At 16 you can receive your driving license. 9) You can be elected a president if you are 35.

Task 9. Find the sentences with “there is/there are” constructions in the text. Translate them into Russian. Which of them are singular and which are plural? Explain their usage and meaning in the English language. Check yourself looking through the table:

Использование Употребляется для выражения наличия или отсутствия какого-либо лица или предмета в определенном месте
Перевод Имеется, находится, есть, существует
Формула There is/ there are + subject + adverbial modifier of place/ adverbial modifier of time
Утвердительная форма There is a book on the table. There arebooks on the table. There is a lamp and three books on the table.
Отрицательная форма There is no book on the table. There isn’t a book on the table. There are no books on the table. There aren’t any books on the table.
Вопросительная форма Is there a book on the table? Are there books on the table? What is there on the table? Is there a book or a magazine on the table? There is a book on the table, isn’t it?

Task 10. Tick the right sentences with the construction “there is/ there are”:

1. There are many children in the garden.

Many children there are in the garden.

2. There is pen on the table.

There is a pen on the table.

3. There is a boy and two girls in the room.

There are a boy and two girls in the room.

4. Is there a book on the shelf?

Are there a book on the shelf?

5. There is no a lamp in the room.

There is no lamp in the room.

Task 11. Make your own sentences with the construction “there is/ there are”.

Task 12. Find the sentences with the possessive case of nouns in the text. Translate them into Russian. Explain their use and rules of formation in the English language. Check yourself and look through the table:

Форму притяжательного падежа обычно имеют лишь одушевленные существительные, обозначающие живое существо, которому принадлежит какой-нибудь предмет, качество или признак. the child’stoy (игрушка ребенка) the girl’svoice (голос девочки) Cуществительное в единственном числе образует притяжательный падеж при помощи окончания s , перед которым стоит особый знак ‘, называемый «апостроф». Общий падеж Притяжательный падеж the boy (мальчик) the boy’s table (стол мальчика) Окончание притяжательного падежа читается как [s] после глухих согласных, [z] после звонких согласных и гласных и как [Iz] после s, ss, ch, tch, x: cat’s [kxts], man’s [mxnz], boy’s [bOIz], actress’s ['xktrIsIz], fox’s ['fOksIz]. Для существительных, образующих множественное число с помощью s , притяжательный падеж на письме обозначается только апострофом. При этом формы общего и притяжательного падежей звучат одинаково. the boys (мальчики) the boys’ tables (столы мальчиков) Те существительные, которые во множественном числе не имеют окончания s, образуют форму притяжательного падежа при помощи окончания s, перед которым стоит апостроф. the children (дети) the children’s books (книги детей)
The child’s toys – the children’s toys Игрушки ребенка – игрушки детей The boy’s books – the boys’ books Книги мальчика – книги мальчиков But: the wall of the room – стена этой комнаты

Task 13. Translate the sentences from English into Russian:



1. Elena is Aleksey’s wife.

2. Aleksey is Elena’s husband.

3. Irina is Aleksey’s daughter.

4. Oleg is Andrey Victorovich’s son.

5. Her brother’s name is Oleg.

6. Tanya’s family is large.

7. Tanya’s pet is a cat.

Task 14. Translate the sentences from Russian into English:

  1. Любимые Танины школьные предметы – это биология и социальные науки.
  2. Ее отца зовут Андрей Викторович.
  3. Жене ее брата 20 лет.
  4. Танин младший брат учится в школе.
  5. Отец этих детей – врач.
  6. Брат моей подруги женат.

Task 15. Correct the sentences using possessive case where possible:

vad.deutsch-service.ru urm.deutsch-service.ru refapev.ostref.ru population.radioritual.ru