L Foreign Languages in Our
Learning a foreign language is not an
It is a long and slow process that
takes a lot of time and efforts.
Nowadays it is especially important to
know foreign languages.
Some people learn languages
because they need them for their
work, others travel abroad, for
the third studying languages is
Everyone, who knows foreign
languages can speak to people from
other countries, read foreign writers in
the original, which makes your outlook
It is not surprising that many
intellectuals and welleducated
people are polyglots.
I study English.
Nowadays English has become the
world’s most important language in
politics, science, trade and cultural
Over 300 million people speak it as
a mother tongue. The native speakers of English live in
Great Britain, the United States
of America, Australia and New
English is one of the official languages
in the Irish Republic, Canada, the
South Africa Republic.
English is one of the official languages
of the United Nations Organization
and other political organizations.
Half of the world’s scientific literature
is in English.
It is the language of computer tech
To know English today is absolutely
necessary for every educated person,
for every good specialist.
The English language is a wonderful
It is the language of the great
It is the language of William Shake
speare, Jonathan Swift, Walter Scott,
The great German poet Goethe once
said, “He, who knows no foreign lan
guage, does not know his own one”.
That is why in order to understand one
self and environment one has to study
L Places of Interest in kyiv
Ukraine has a long history and rich
That is why there are many places of
It is natural that the capital of the
country, Kyiv, has the greatest
number of them.
It is one of the oldest cities in Europe.
From time immemorial Kyiv has been
the centre of Slavonic culture.
There are many ancient cathedrals
and churches, museums and
monuments, beautiful streets and
squares in it.
The main street of Kyiv is certainly
If you have never been to Kyiv you
should start your sightseeing there.
The street is only one kilometre long
but very impressive.
Kyiv is famous for its KyivoPecherska
More than 80 buildings were
constructed on its territory during 900
years of the monastery’s existence.
Tourists always go to have a look
at the monument to Bohdan
Khmelnytsky, the outstanding
Ukrainian statesman and military
There are many other places of
interest in Kyiv. One of them is the State Historical Mu
seum of Ukraine.
There are more than 50,000 exhibits
The exposition tells us about the
history of Ukraine and its culture from
antiquity to the present days.
The Golden Gates, the Andreyevskaya
Church, the monuments to Prince Vo
lodymyr and Taras Shevchenko are
Kyiv Shevchenko Opera and Ballet
House, Kyiv Ivan Franko Drama
Theatre are wellknown all over the
Any place is interesting in its own way
and visiting it we come to know and
love this country more.
L Places of Interest in London
There are a lot of places of interest in
Among them there are: Westminster
Abbey, the Houses of Parliament,
Buckingham Palace, St Paul’s Cathe
dral, London Bridge, the Tower of
London stands on the river Thames.
Crossing the river by the Tower Bridge
you can see the Tower of London.
It is one of the oldest buildings of the
Many centuries ago it was a fortress,
a royal palace and then a prison.
Now it is a museum of arms.
On the bank of the Thames, not
far from the Tower of London, you
can see Westminster Palace, or the
Houses of Parliament.
It is the seat of the British government
and it is one of the most beautiful
buildings in London.
In one of its towers there is famous
Big Ben, the largest clock of England.
It strikes every quarter of an hour.
Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s
official London residence.
Tourists always go to see the
ceremony of changing the Guard
London has many fine squares. Some of them are quiet, others are
busy like Trafalgar Square.
Trafalgar Square is the central square
of the city.
To the right of the square there is
the National Gallery which has a fine
collection of European paintings.
St Paul’s Cathedral is the biggest Eng
Another famous church is Westminster
Abbey where kings, queens, and many
famous people are buried.
London is also famous for its beautiful
Hyde Park is the most democratic
park in the world, as anyone can say
anything he likes there.
Regent’s Park is the home of London
There are a lot of famous names in the
history of Great Britain.
The name of William Shakespeare is
one of them.
William Shakespeare, the great English
poet and dramatist, was born in 1564
in the town of StratfordonAvon.
There were no theatres in England in
Groups of actors travelled from town
to town showing performances in the
Sometimes actors came to Stratford
The boy went to see all their shows
and liked them very much.
He wanted to become an actor.
Sometimes he wrote little plays and
staged them with his friends.
When he was twentyone, William
went to London.
There he joined a group of actors. At first he only helped actors and then
began writing plays for them.
Soon Shakespeare’s plays were
staged more and more and became
The theatre where he worked was
called “The Globe”.
It became the first professional theatre.
Everyone knows Shakespeare’s plays.
The most famous of them are
“Othello”, “Hamlet”, “Romeo and
Juliet”, “King Lear”.
Shakespeare showed the real life and
relations between people.
Love and death, friendship and
treason, devotion and lie are the main
ideas of his plays.
Shakespeare’s works will always be
interesting for all people.
Holidays in Great Britain
For many British people, Christmas is the favourite holiday. It is celebrated much earlier than in our country, on December, 25. Preparation for the holiday begins several weeks before it with sending dozens of cards, buying presents and food, decorating the Christmas tree and the house.. Most offices and public buildings close at one o'clock, but shops stay open late. Railway and bus stations are overcrowded as people travel from all parts of the country to be with their families. Christmas is the most important family holiday. . .
In the homes there is a great air of expectation.. Mothers of the family are busy in the kitchen getting ready for the next day's dinner of turkey,pudding and other tasty things. Before going to bed children may hang Christmas stockings on their beds in the hope of getting presents from Santa Claus. The next day, on December 26 people get up late, have big meals, go to church and have a good rest after the Christmas rush.
New Year in Britain is not celebrated as widely as in our country. Some people may even completely ignore it and go to bed at the usual time without waiting for the clock to strike twelve. Those who do celebrate it may have parties or family get-togethers, go to the disco .
Many British people start feeling spring on February, 14 when they get Valentine cards and symbolic love gifts. For many centuries St. Valentine's Day has been a good opportunity to openly show your feelings.
Easter in Britain is the time of giving and receiving presents which traditionally take the form of Easter eggs and hot cross buns. Nowadays eggs are usually made of chocolate with surprises in them, but the old custom is dying and painting eggs is still kept in some country districts. Other emblems of Easter are fluffy little chicks, the Easter Bunny and spring flowers.
April Fools' Day is not an official holiday but few people are indifferent to it. Everyone who has a sense of humor likes to play practical jokes on their friends and family neighbours.