A) Biological Sciences

B) Computer Science

C) Geography

D) Physics

E) Chemistry

F) Mathematics

G) Ecology

Follow the model:

I think correspond(s) to
In my opinion ……… match(es) sector … because …
As far as I know go(es) with

Listening

Recording 2.2 Recording 2.3 Recording 2.4 Recoding 2.5

Recording 2.6 Recording 2.7 Recording 2.8 Recording 2.9

Recording 2.10 Recording 2.11 Recording 2.12

1. Work with a partner. Choose the correct explanation of the words and phrases below. Use a dictionary if necessary.

1) If you study mammals you may probably deal with

a) turtles b) monkeys c) bugs

2) If you are determinedto do something you

a) hesitate for too long b) are afraid of it c) are resolute

3) A specimen is a

a) illustration b) example c) sample

4) If you are embarrassedyou feel

a) confused b) angry c) impressed

5) Aeronautic means something that is related to

a) water b) air c) cosmos

6) If you are embarrassedyou feel

a) confused b) angry c) impressed

7) If you deal with glasswareyou should remember that it is

a) sharp b) sticky c) fragile

8) If you study the properties of a substance you study its

a) origin b) quality & characteristic c) possible applications

9) Phenomenon is a

a) fact or event in nature b) chemical reaction c) behaviour

10) If someone is counseling you they are

a) coping off you b) advising you c) prompting you

11) When someone flunks at school or university they

a) miss classes b) get awarded c) fail an exam

12) If something is tough it is:

a) difficult b) heavy c) unpleasant

13) If you are at loose endsyou:

a) know exactly what you want to do b) feel relaxed c) have nothing

to do

14) When you feel inspired by something you are:

a) motivated b) confused c) happy

15) If something is advancedit is:

a) basic b) higher &complex c) extraordinary

2. Listen to three research scientists telling how they got interested in science.

Identify each speaker. Tick (V) the correct piece of information about them.

Speaker 1 Speaker 2 Speaker 3 Speaker 4

a) Linus Pauling, Nobel Prizes in Chemistry and Peace

b) Silvia Earle, Biologist

c) Leon Lederman, Nobel Prize in Physics

d) Donna Shirley, Aeronautic engineer

Who…? Silvia Earle Leon Lederman Donna Shirley Linus Pauling
as a child was determined about the future profession of a scientist
loved reading popular science books for kids and science fiction books
was inspired by stories describing explorations
read books about insects and collected specimens of butterflies and beetles
had a particular career in mind
worked as a lab assistant in school
gave lectures and wrote a book on world peace
was fond of experiments
chose the area of science unusual for a girl
had at first difficulty studying at university/college

3. Listen again and answer the questions.

a) Why Sylvia Earle first wanted to be a veterinarian?

b) Why did she work as a laboratory assistant?

c) Why did Linus Pouling become interested in chemistry? What was his favorite journal?

d) Why did Leon Lederman get so impressed by Einstein’s book “Meaning of

Relativity”?

e) How did Leon Lederman’s brother influence his choice of a career in science?

f) What do we call people who build airplanes?

g) Why did Donna Shirley get fascinated about Mars and space travel?

h) Why couldn’t she specialize in space at college?

i) Why did she have to study a lot during her Christmas holidays?

What do you think?

Ø Are you happy with your choice of specialization? Why?/Why not?

Ø How did you get interested in science?

Ø What are your plans for the future? Do you have any particular career in mind?

Ø Would you like to become a research scientist? Why?/Why not?

Ø What else except for an inquisitive mind one should have to be a research scientist?

Writing

1. Write a paragraph about your choice of specialization. Use the questions above as the guidelines to help you to organize your ideas and develop a good piece of writing.

Managing your learning A paragraph is a group of related sentences that develop an idea. In a paragraph there is usually one idea that is more important than all the others and it is commonly found at the beginning. The main idea is supported by major details that grow out of it. And there are also so called minor details that grow out of the major ones, i.e. examples, explanations, additional information, etc. When you write, try to join your ideas with the linking words and phrases. When you have finished, re-read and check your work.

Tool box: Listing 1 first of all moreover besides actually finally as for in any case

Reading

1. The words below are all from the text you are going to read. Are they nouns, verbs or adjectives or past participle forms? Match the words with their meanings that follow.



Tool box: The parts of speech You can sometimes guess this from the shape of the word. e.g. suffices--ful means it is an adjective. -ed – probably the past tense or past participle form of a regular verb or an adjective. You can also guess the part of speech from the words which come before or after it, e.g. an exciting subject. Exciting must be an adjective as it comes between the article a and the noun subject.

1) flexibility a) valuable and useful to people in their lives and work
2) current b) work that you do to earn money
3) conventional c) a part which combines with other parts to form something bigger
4) relevant d) ability to bend or change
5) advance e) able to be obtained, used, or reached
6) suited f) no longer young
7) component g) present time, modern, up-to-date
8) available h) to develop or improve something
9) applied i) traditional
10) area j) something which has practical use
11) employment k) is right for a particular person, situation or occasion
12) mature l) a part of a subject or activity

1. You are going to read the text about the Combined Science (Natural Sciences) course. Before you read the text, look up the word ‘combine’ in the dictionary.

2. According to the title of the course, what subjects do you think are included in the curriculum? Work with a partner and discuss your opinions, make a list of subjects.

The Combined Science degree, which includes Natural Sciences, is founded on Lancaster's tradition of flexibility and forward thinking. Following current interest in a broader, less specialized education we have brought together 25 departments offering 56 different courses from which you can take a degree adapted to your personal requirements. The scheme cuts through the conventional barriers between subjects, allowing combinations not only between the sciences, but also between the sciencesand the humanities or social sciences. Most science degrees require a specialized study of a single subject even though the majority of science graduates eventually follow careers which would be better served by a broader, less specialized education providing relevant experience in, for example, management, languages or social sciences. Our Combined Science degree is intended for those who have a particular career in mind (for example, scientific journalism/information technology and medical or research management). It provides a means of choosing those skills and disciplines which will assist such ambitions. In particular, mature students who wish to advance an established career will find the wide choice provided by this degree well suited to their needs. The programme of study is broad, but care has been taken not to sacrifice academic excellence. In each degree a combination of three themes makes up the second and third years. One of these may be a non-science theme. In each subject there is a Combined Science tutor who advises students on their course choice. The Natural Sciences option is available to those who wish to take at least two natural sciences as Themes. They are biological sciences, chemistry, environmental science, mathematics and physics. The University is planning to offer a scheme called Technology, People and Business for those wishing to specialize in the applied science area. About one-third of the first year and of the final degree (second and third years) is based on coursework, including essay, tutorial, laboratory and project work. A number of our graduates have taken up PhD studies, teaching diplomas, and MS’s courses in addition to employment in a wide range of area.
Group A Science Theme
Biological Sciences: · biochemistry · microbiology · genetics/microbiology · genetics · biomedicine · ecophysiology · organisms & environment · auatic ecology · terrestrial ecology Chemisry: · inorganic chemistry · organic chemistry · physical chemistry Computing: one of · computing (broad course) · systems architecture · software engineering · information processing Engineering: · electronic engineering · mechanical engineering Environmental Science: · atmospheres & oceans · environmental management & systems · geological studies · environmental chemistry Geography: · physical geography · human geography Mathematics: · discrete mathematics · mathematical analysis · statistics Physics: · physical electronics · materials · particle physics Physiology: · experimental physiology
Group B Non-science Theme
Culture, media & communication Economics: · topics in economics Education: · education & society · teaching and learning History of Science Philosophy Management: · operations management · management science Marketing Modern languages: · French Studies · German Studies · Italian Studies · Spanish Studies Linguistics: · text & speech processing Politics: · international politics & security · political analysis · international politics, third world issues Sociology: · sociology of industrial societies

Group C Introductory courses
· biology, a selection of topics · basic German · basic Italian · basic Spanish · history of science, independent studies · philosophy · physics, basic · physics, concepts · sociology · environmental science, a selection of topics

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